SR NO DAY TOPICS

 

1. One · ORIENTATION

· HORTICULTURE PLANT

· ORGANIC FARMING

Introduction

Benefits

Social aspects

Market aspects

2 Two · ORGANIC FERTILIZERS

· SOIL AND WATER TESTING

Introduction

Need

Benefits

Preparation

Demonstration

· GOVERNMENT SUBSIDY

· GOOD HARVESTING PRACTICES

· STORAGE

3 Three · SOIL MICROORGANISMS,

· LAND PREPARATION

· DISEASES PROTECTION  

Introduction Microorganism

Need of Microorganism

Benefits Microorganism

Management of Microorganism

4 Four · HORTICULTURE CROP

· BIOMOLECULES

· INTER CROPPING AND CROP ROTATION

· TRANSPORTATION

5 Five · PRODUCTION

· SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT

Introduction

Challenges

6. Six Field demonstration

feed back and discussion

Validatory function

 

Syllabus

Day 1

Basics of Horticulture Economic importance and classification of horticultural crops and their culture and nutritive value, area and production, exports and imports, fruit and vegetable zones of India and of different states

Classification of horticulture plants according to botanical characteristics and uses.

Nursery management practices, soil and climate.

Orchard and kitchen garden layout Vegetable gardens, nutrition and kitchen garden and other types of gardens – principles, planning and layout, management of orchards, planting systems and planting densities.

ORGANIC FERTILIZERS

Nutrient uptake and Utilization by plant: (From Organics) From Inorganic

 

Day 2

SOIL AND WATER TESTING

 

Soil: Definition; Soil formation; Composition and characteristics;  Types of soil according to composition;   Distribution of soil groups in W.B.;  2. Acidic, Alkaline and Saline soils;  How they affect Agriculture; Method of reclamation; 3. Soil productivity: Meaning & Concept  Difference between Soil Fertility and Productivity; Method of Increasing productivity and fertility

Water Sampling and Quality Control:

Determining the Sample Size; Choosing a Sample Method; How to Collect Water Samples; How to Transport Water Samples; How to Dilute a Water Sample; Ensuring Quality Control; Checklist for Field Work; Health and Safety, Testing for Physical Contaminants; WHO Guidelines for Physical Parameters

Potential Health Effects; Test Methods

 

Nursery and canopy management Production and practices for fruit, vegetable and floriculture crops, nursery techniques and their management. Principles and methods of pruning and training of fruit crops.

 

Day 3

Microbiology in agriculture, benefits, and application

LAND Practices

DISEASES PROTECTION: Plant Protection Measures: Integrated pest & disease managements.  Organic pesticides, bio-pesticides.  Inorganic pesticides, disadvantages of their use. Seed, seedling and soil Treatment measures. Feasibility of complete dependence on organic sources.

Plant physiology

Photosynthesis

Plant stress

Day 4

Cropping systems and orchard management Types and use of growth regulators in horticulture, water management, weed management, fertility management in horticultural crops, cropping systems, intercropping, multi-tier cropping, mulching, bearing habits, factors influencing the fruitfulness and unfruitfulness

Some horticulture crop Intercropping and crop rotation.

Phyto Constituents

Importance of Neem in organic Agriculture

Organic Agri-Horticulture in Urban & Semi urban areas

Quality Control and certification procedures of Organic products

Organic Production

Good Harvesting Practices; Storage

 

Day 5

Bio fertilizers and their method of use,  Nitrogenous;  Phosphatic;  Potassic;  Availability of Nutrients from above sources; Other Nitrogen contributing plants;

Layout of different irrigation systems, identification and management of nutritional disorder in fruits and vegetables, assessment of bearing habits, maturity standards, harvesting, grading, packaging and storage.

 

Preparation of vermin compost:  Pit construction; Raw materials; Availability of specific species of earth worm; Method of preparation; Quality improvement of finished vermin compost

 

Trade & Supply Chain Management

 

Day 6

Government Subsidy

Industries

Preparation of seed bed & raising of seedlings:  Wet seedbed, manuring, sowing broadcasting; Dry seed bed, bed size, manuring, soil treatment ,actual sowing in line/broadcasting; weeding, watering, hardening of seedling, time requirement for seedling growth, uprooting seedlings

Physiological Diseases / Disorders:  Identification, cause and effect ameliorating measures (soil/spray application Soil amelioration; Interaction)

 

Field Demonstration

Feed Back and Discussion

Valedictory Function

Close Menu