· HORTICULTURE PLANT
· ORGANIC FARMING
|2||Two||· ORGANIC FERTILIZERS
· SOIL AND WATER TESTING
· GOVERNMENT SUBSIDY
· GOOD HARVESTING PRACTICES
|3||Three||· SOIL MICROORGANISMS,
· LAND PREPARATION
· DISEASES PROTECTION
Need of Microorganism
Management of Microorganism
|4||Four||· HORTICULTURE CROP
· INTER CROPPING AND CROP ROTATION
· SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT
feed back and discussion
Basics of Horticulture Economic importance and classification of horticultural crops and their culture and nutritive value, area and production, exports and imports, fruit and vegetable zones of India and of different states
Classification of horticulture plants according to botanical characteristics and uses.
Nursery management practices, soil and climate.
Orchard and kitchen garden layout Vegetable gardens, nutrition and kitchen garden and other types of gardens – principles, planning and layout, management of orchards, planting systems and planting densities.
Nutrient uptake and Utilization by plant: (From Organics) From Inorganic
SOIL AND WATER TESTING
Soil: Definition; Soil formation; Composition and characteristics; Types of soil according to composition; Distribution of soil groups in W.B.; 2. Acidic, Alkaline and Saline soils; How they affect Agriculture; Method of reclamation; 3. Soil productivity: Meaning & Concept Difference between Soil Fertility and Productivity; Method of Increasing productivity and fertility
Water Sampling and Quality Control:
Determining the Sample Size; Choosing a Sample Method; How to Collect Water Samples; How to Transport Water Samples; How to Dilute a Water Sample; Ensuring Quality Control; Checklist for Field Work; Health and Safety, Testing for Physical Contaminants; WHO Guidelines for Physical Parameters
Potential Health Effects; Test Methods
Nursery and canopy management Production and practices for fruit, vegetable and floriculture crops, nursery techniques and their management. Principles and methods of pruning and training of fruit crops.
Microbiology in agriculture, benefits, and application
DISEASES PROTECTION: Plant Protection Measures: Integrated pest & disease managements. Organic pesticides, bio-pesticides. Inorganic pesticides, disadvantages of their use. Seed, seedling and soil Treatment measures. Feasibility of complete dependence on organic sources.
Cropping systems and orchard management Types and use of growth regulators in horticulture, water management, weed management, fertility management in horticultural crops, cropping systems, intercropping, multi-tier cropping, mulching, bearing habits, factors influencing the fruitfulness and unfruitfulness
Some horticulture crop Intercropping and crop rotation.
Importance of Neem in organic Agriculture
Organic Agri-Horticulture in Urban & Semi urban areas
Quality Control and certification procedures of Organic products
Good Harvesting Practices; Storage
Bio fertilizers and their method of use, Nitrogenous; Phosphatic; Potassic; Availability of Nutrients from above sources; Other Nitrogen contributing plants;
Layout of different irrigation systems, identification and management of nutritional disorder in fruits and vegetables, assessment of bearing habits, maturity standards, harvesting, grading, packaging and storage.
Preparation of vermin compost: Pit construction; Raw materials; Availability of specific species of earth worm; Method of preparation; Quality improvement of finished vermin compost
Trade & Supply Chain Management
Preparation of seed bed & raising of seedlings: Wet seedbed, manuring, sowing broadcasting; Dry seed bed, bed size, manuring, soil treatment ,actual sowing in line/broadcasting; weeding, watering, hardening of seedling, time requirement for seedling growth, uprooting seedlings
Physiological Diseases / Disorders: Identification, cause and effect ameliorating measures (soil/spray application Soil amelioration; Interaction)
Feed Back and Discussion