Ashwagandha, which is also called “Indian Ginseng” is native to India. It is mighty useful Plant according to Ayurveda, ashwagandha roots has medicinal properties and is used to cure debility, anemia and impotency. Its regular use improves vigor and immune power.

Ashwagandha is a low growing perennial that grows up to 3 feet tall. Its leaves are long and elliptical, yellowish green. Its flowers are tiny bell shaped followed by bright orange-red berries.

IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT THE PLANTS

Variety Jawahar Asgandh-20, Jawahar asgandh-134,
WS -90,100
Common name Ashwagandha
Scientific name Withania somnifera
Season Of Planting July/ August or October
Climate Late rainy season crop
Soil Sandy and Loamy soil
Temperature 25-30
PH 5.6 to 8.5
Seeds by Nursery preparation 5 kg in one acre
Spacing Row to Row 30 cm & Plant to Plant 4 cm
Seed price 1000 Rs per kg
Manure 10,000
Irrigation Less water required
Harvest time Jan-March
Life 5 months crop
Production 200-300  kg in one acre

CLIMATIC CONDITIONS

  • Ashwagandha is a late rainy season (kharif) crop.
  • It requires relatively dry season, and the roots are fully developed when 1-2 late winter are received.
  • Areas receiving 650-750 mm rainfall are best suited for its cultivation.

USES

  • Ashwagandha is mentioned as an important drug in ancient Ayurvedic literature.
  • Several types of alkaloids are found in this plant, out of which `Withanine’ and `Somniferine’ are important.
  • Leaves contain five unidentified alkaloids (0.09%), withanolides, glycosides, glucose and many free

amino acids.

  • The pharmacological activity of the roots is attributed to the alkaloids. The total alkaloid content in

roots of the Indian types has been reported to vary between 0.13 and 0.31 per cent.

  • The drug is mainly used in Ayurvedic and Unani preparations. Withaferine-A has been receiving

good deal of attention because of its antibiotic and anti tumor activities. It is used for curing carbuncles

in the indigenous system of medicine.

  • The paste prepared out of its leaves is used for curing inflammation of tubercular glands and that of its roots for curing skin diseases, bronchitis and ulcers.
  • In Rajasthan, roots are used for curing mainly rheumatism and dyspepsia; in Punjab they are used to relieve loin pain and in Sind for abortion. In some areas warm leaves are also used for providing

Comfort during eye diseases. However, roots are mostly used for curing general and sexual weakness in human beings.

  • Fruits and seeds are diuretic in nature. Leaves are reported to possess anthelmintic (used to destroy parasitic worms )and febrifuge (a medicine used to reduce fever)properties.
  • An infusion of leaves is given in fevers. For the treatment of piles, a decoction of the leaves is used both internally and externally.
  • Leaves are also used as hypnotic in alcoholism. Externally, leaves are used as fermentation for sore eyes, boils and swellings of hands and feet.
  • As an insecticide, they are useful for killing lice infesting the body. An ointment prepared by boiling the leaves, in fact, is useful for bed

LAND PREPARATION

  • The harvesting period of Ashwagandha is 5 months.
  • The sowing period is from July and August and is harvested by – March
  • In july- August, the field is prepared by plowing.
  • For good field it is necessary to plough the field deeply by Organic Manure.

SOWING METHOD

Ø  Its sowing was done by direct planting plants or making nursery.

Direct Planting – 2 methods of direct planting

1)    Spraying Method

2)    Line method

Ø  Most farmers adopt Spray Method because its seeds are light.

Ø  Any one of the 2 methods should be adopted, it should be noted that the seeds should not be deeper than the grounds.

BY MAKING NURSERY

·         By this method first beds are made.

·         After 10 days seeds are germinate.

·         After 6 weeks when plants height becomes 5-6 cm then plants are transferred into field.

SEED TREATMENT

  • Make sure to pre treat the seeds by dipping them in Gaumutra and water for about 1- 2hrs before sowing.

IRRIGATION

  • Use drip irrigation system
  • Once Seeds are germinated, it requires 2 irrigation.
  • One irrigation will be after 30-35 days.
  • Then after 60-70 days
  • Due to excess irrigation, the roots become susceptible to

HARVESTING

  • Best time to harvest is after
  • Maturity indices include: leaves will be yellow, and the fruit become
  • After harvesting, separate the roots from plants clean the stuck soil.
  • After harvesting, drying for 10 days in a net shade.
  • After complete drying they are filled and then packed in bags for selling

STORAGE OF PLANTING MATERIAL

  • For the planting material, the harvesting is done in Jan-
  • Some part of it is used as planting material for the next season, while the other part is sent for selling

PRODUCTION

500-600 Kg dry roots of ashwagandha can be obtained from 1 acre.

A grade– white, long and thick, rich in starch (length max 5-7 cm, thickness 10-12 mm)

B grade– medium size (length- 3.5 cm, thickness- 5-7mm)

C grade- small, thin, brown and black in color, rich in alkaloids.

Ashwagandha root powder

  • Barren Land
  • Ashwagandha Nursery
  • Transfer in Field (6 week Plant)
  • 3 Months Plant
  • 4 months plant
  • 5 months plant ready for harvesting
  • Ashwagandha Roots
  • Ashwagandha dry roots
  • Ashwagandha root powder
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